Industrial settings, while essential for production, can unfortunately pose all sorts of health and safety risks to workers. 

This is why it is crucial to have careful hygiene measures set in place to help control and prevent these risks. 

In this guide, we’ll explore the fundamentals of industrial hygiene and the steps that should be taken to create a safer work environment.


What is Industrial Hygiene?

Industrial hygiene, also known as occupational hygiene or workplace health, is the prevention of ill-health in the workplace by managing health risks. This can be attempting to prevent a wide range of hazards, including chemical, physical, biological, and ergonomic factors.

The profession of industrial hygiene relies on strict scientific methodologies and requires expertise in determining potential hazards and evaluating exposures or risks in the workplace. Industrial hygienists use various techniques such as environmental monitoring, risk assessments, and engineering controls to detect, evaluate, and mitigate potential health hazards.


The Importance of Industrial Hygiene

Creating a safe work environment is crucial for several reasons.

Firstly, it safeguards the physical and mental wellbeing of employees, reducing the risk of injuries, illnesses, and lost workdays.

Secondly, it helps organisations comply with legal and regulatory requirements, avoiding potential fines and legal repercussions.

Lastly, a safe work environment boosts employee morale, productivity, and retention, leading to overall business success.


Key Components of Industrial Hygiene

To effectively address workplace hazards, it is essential to understand the key components of industrial hygiene. Let’s explore these areas:

1. Chemical Hazards

Chemical hazards include gases, vapours, dusts, fumes, mists, and smoke that can pose health risks to workers. Identifying and controlling chemical exposures is crucial to prevent adverse health effects. Employers should provide comprehensive training on chemical handling, ensure proper ventilation systems, and implement safe storage and disposal practices.

2. Physical Hazards

Physical hazards include non-ionising and ionising radiation, noise, vibration, extreme temperatures, and pressures. Exposure to these hazards can result in various health issues, such as hearing loss, musculoskeletal disorders, and thermal stress. Implementing engineering controls, such as soundproofing and ergonomic workstation design, can help minimise these risks.

3. Biological Hazards

Biological hazards refer to insects, mould, yeast, fungi, bacteria, and viruses present in the workplace. These hazards can lead to infectious diseases and allergies. Implementing proper sanitation practices, providing personal protective equipment (PPE), and conducting regular cleaning and disinfection can mitigate biological risks.

4. Ergonomic Hazards

Ergonomic hazards arise from poor workstation design, repetitive motion, improper lifting and reaching, and inadequate visual conditions. These hazards can result in musculoskeletal disorders and other ergonomic-related injuries. Employers should promote ergonomic awareness, provide ergonomic equipment and training, and encourage regular breaks and stretching exercises.


The Role of Industrial Hygienists

Industrial hygienists play a vital role in ensuring workplace safety and health. They are responsible for anticipating, recognising, evaluating, and controlling potential hazards. Industrial hygienists use their expertise to develop effective strategies and recommend appropriate controls to minimise risks.

In addition to their critical role in identifying hazards, industrial hygienists also collaborate with regulatory bodies such as OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) to develop and enforce safety standards. They provide technical assistance, perform workplace inspections, and help establish enforcement procedures.


Conducting a Workplace Analysis

It’s important to conduct a thorough workplace analysis to identify any potential hazards so that effective control measures can be put in place. Here are some steps to consider when conducting a workplace analysis:

Walkthrough Assessment: Conduct a comprehensive walkthrough assessment of the entire workplace, paying attention to each step of the process. Try to engage employees in the assessment to gain valuable insights into potential hazards.

Identify Hazards: Identify and document all potential hazards, including chemical, physical, biological, and ergonomic hazards. This includes evaluating exposure levels, analysing processes, and assessing equipment and workstations.

Risk Assessment: Conduct a risk assessment to evaluate the severity of identified hazards and prioritise control measures. Consider the likelihood of exposure, potential health effects, and the number of workers at risk.

Control Measures: Develop and implement control measures to eliminate or minimise identified hazards. This may involve engineering controls, work practice controls, administrative controls, and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).

Training and Education: Provide comprehensive training and education to employees on hazard recognition, control measures, and safe work practices. Make sure that workers understand the importance of industrial hygiene and their role in maintaining a safe work environment.


Implementing Control Measures

Once hazards have been identified and assessed, it is crucial to implement appropriate control measures. Here are some strategies for controlling workplace hazards:

Engineering Controls: Engineering controls involve modifying the workplace or equipment to eliminate or reduce hazards. Examples include isolating noisy machinery, improving ventilation systems, and implementing automated processes to minimise worker exposure.

Work Practice Controls: Work practice controls focus on modifying work habits and procedures to reduce exposure to hazards. This may include implementing proper lifting techniques, rotating job tasks, and establishing regular breaks to minimise ergonomic risks.

Administrative Controls: Administrative controls involve implementing policies, procedures, and training to minimise hazards. This may include developing safety protocols, conducting regular inspections, and ensuring proper maintenance of equipment and machinery.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): PPE is the last line of defence when engineering and administrative controls are not feasible or sufficient. Employers should provide appropriate PPE, such as gloves, safety goggles, masks, and protective clothing, and provide proper training on how to use it correctly.

Resources and Training

Staying informed is key. To stay updated on industrial hygiene practices and regulations, organisations can give you plenty of useful resources. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) website provides valuable information on workplace safety and health standards. Professional bodies such as the British Occupational Hygiene Society (BOHS) and the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH) offer certifications, educational programs, and resources for industrial hygienists.

Additionally, organisations can consider partnering with reputable industrial hygiene consulting firms in the UK to conduct comprehensive assessments, develop control strategies, and provide ongoing support to ensure a safe work environment.



Investing in industrial hygiene is an investment in the well-being of employees and the success of the business. By prioritising safety, organisations can make sure that they are compliant with regulations and stay as productive as they can. When you make a conscious effort to maintain industrial hygiene, you can not only protect your workforce but also enhance productivity, reduce costs, and create a positive work environment.

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